Changes of perceived control after kidney transplantation: a prospective study

Torben Schulz, Jan Niesing, Jaap Homan van der Heide, Ralf Westerhuis, Rutger J. Ploeg, Adelita V. Ranchor*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AimsThe aim of this study was to determine if kidney transplantation is associated with increases of perceived control and how changes of perceived control affect the course of psychological distress until 1year after transplantation.

BackgroundLow levels of perceived control are associated with reduced well-being among dialysis patients.

DesignProspective longitudinal cohort study.

MethodsPerceived control (Mastery Scale) and psychological distress (GHQ-12) were prospectively assessed before (T0; n=470) and three (T1; n=197), six (T2; n=210) and twelve (T3; n=183) months after transplantation. Differences between T1 and T0 perceived control were used to stratify the sample into three groups (control gain, stable control and control loss). Socio-demographic and clinical variables, including complications, were examined as potential correlates and the course of psychological was distress compared across groups. Data were collected between July 2008 - July 2013.

ResultsPerceived control showed a small increase overall, with 351%, 500% and 149% reporting gain, stable level and loss respectively. Patients with secondary schooling were overrepresented in the control loss group. The course of psychological distress varied across perceived control change groups, with patients in the control gain group experiencing a significant reduction in psychological distress.

ConclusionA considerable number of patients report increased levels of perceived control after transplantation that are associated with a subsequent decrease in psychological distress. Results emphasize the importance of perceived control and could inform interventions to facilitate well-being after kidney transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1712-1721
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume73
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2017

Keywords

  • complications
  • kidney transplantation
  • nursing
  • patient-reported outcomes
  • perceived control
  • psychological distress
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • DIALYSIS PATIENTS
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • OLDER PERSONS
  • SELF-ESTEEM
  • HEALTH-CARE
  • ILLNESS
  • HEMODIALYSIS
  • ASSOCIATIONS

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