Changing the guard—nuclear pore complex quality control

Annemiek C. Veldsink, Paola Gallardo, C. Patrick Lusk*, Liesbeth M. Veenhoff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)
15 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The integrity of the nuclear envelope depends on the function of nuclear pore complexes (NPCs), transport channels that control macromolecular traffic between the nucleus and cytosol. The central importance of NPCs suggests the existence of quality control (QC) mechanisms that oversee their assembly and function. In this perspective, we emphasize the challenges associated with NPC assembly and the need for QC mechanisms that operate at various stages of an NPC's life. This includes cytosolic preassembly QC that helps enforce key nucleoporin–nucleoporin interactions and their ultimate stoichiometry in the NPC in addition to mechanisms that monitor aberrant fusion of the inner and outer nuclear membranes. Furthermore, we discuss whether and how these QC mechanisms may operate to sense faulty mature NPCs to facilitate their repair or removal. The so far uncovered mechanisms for NPC QC provide fertile ground for future research that not only benefits a better understanding of the vital role that NPCs play in cellular physiology but also how loss of NPC function and/or these QC mechanisms might be an input to aging and disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2739-2749
Number of pages11
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume597
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2023

Keywords

  • aging
  • autophagy
  • ESCRT
  • membrane fusion
  • nuclear envelope
  • nuclear pore complex
  • nuclear pore complex assembly
  • nuclear transport
  • proteostasis
  • quality control

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