Chaotic motion due to lateral Casimir forces during nonlinear actuation dynamics

F. Tajik, A. A. Masoudi, M. Sedighi, G. Palasantzas*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We investigated here the influence of the lateral Casimir force on the dynamical actuation of devices with interacting materials covering a broad range of optical properties ranging from poor to good conductors, such as, for example, nitrogen doped SiC and Au, respectively. The conservative actuating system shows a central heteroclinic orbit surrounded by a finite number of homoclinic orbits, because at higher periods, an increased lateral Casimir force will be necessary to counterbalance the restoring force. As a result, the conservative system reaches stable operation sooner for the higher conductivity materials (Au-Au), indicating the significant impact of the material optical properties on the lateral Casimir force. Furthermore, for the non-conservative driven systems, the decrement of the Melnikov parameter α leads to a faster disappearance of the satellite homoclinic orbits in the Poincaré portraits, followed by a strong shrinkage of the central heteroclinic orbit toward unstable chaotic motion. The latter is more pronounced for the lower conductivity materials since comparison shows the Au-Au system to be significantly more stable than the SiC-SiC system. Therefore, in actuating systems where the lateral Casimir force could play a significant role, the higher conductivity materials appear to be a better choice to ensure stable operation against a chaotic motion.

Original languageEnglish
Article number073101
Number of pages9
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2020



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