Characterization and comparison of osteoblasts derived from mouse embryonic stem cells and induced pluripotent stem cells

Ming San Ma, Vishnu Kannan, Anneriek E de Vries, Marcin Czepiel, Evelyn Wesseling, Veerakumar Balasubramaniyan, Roelof Kuijer, Arjan Vissink, Sjef Copray, Gerry Raghoebar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

New developments in stem cell biology offer alternatives for the reconstruction of critical-sized bone defects. One of these developments is the use of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells. These stem cells are similar to embryonic stem (ES) cells, but can be generated from adult somatic cells and therefore do not raise ethical concerns. Proper characterization of iPS-derived osteoblasts is important for future development of safe clinical applications of these cells. For this reason, we differentiated mouse ES and iPS cells toward osteoblasts using osteogenic medium and compared their functionality. Immunocytochemical analysis showed significant expression of bone markers (osteocalcin and collagen type I) in osteoblasts differentiated from ES and iPS cells on days 7 and 30. An in vitro mineralization assay confirmed the functionality of osteogenically differentiated ES and iPS cells. Gene expression arrays focusing on osteogenic differentiation were performed in order to compare the gene expression pattern in both differentiated and undifferentiated ES cells and iPS cells. We observed a significant upregulation of osteogenesis-related genes such as Runx2, osteopontin, collagen type I, Tnfsf11, Csf1, and alkaline phosphatase upon osteogenic differentiation of the ES and iPS cells. We further validated the expression of key osteogenic genes Runx2, osteopontin, osteocalcin, collagen type I, and osterix in both differentiated and undifferentiated ES and iPS cells by means of quantified real-time polymerase chain reaction. We conclude that ES and iPS cells are similar in their osteogenic differentiation capacities, as well as in their gene expression patterns.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-30
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of bone and mineral metabolism
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2017

Keywords

  • Osteoblasts
  • Osteogenesis
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Differentiation
  • Tissue engineering
  • IN-VITRO DIFFERENTIATION
  • ENGINEERING BONE TISSUE
  • OSTEOGENIC DIFFERENTIATION
  • ENDOCHONDRAL OSSIFICATION
  • TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR
  • GROWTH
  • GENE
  • MINERALIZATION
  • DEXAMETHASONE
  • REGENERATION

Cite this