Characterization of graphene grown on copper foil by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) at ambient pressure conditions

Enzo Cazzanelli*, Oreste De Luca, Danilo Vuono, Alfonso Policicchio, Marco Castriota, Giovanni Desiderio, Maria Penelope De Santo, Alfredo Aloise, Angela Fasanella, Tania Rugiero, Raffaele Giuseppe Agostino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In the aim to get high quality graphene films, with large domains and free from impurities, minimizing also the manufacturing costs, we investigate the graphene grown on copper (Cu) foil by chemical vapor deposition at ambient pressure conditions, by using methane (CH4) as carbon source, diluted in a suitable mixture of argon (Ar) and hydrogen (H-2). Several graphene samples were synthesized, for variable exposure times to hydrocarbon precursor, in the range from 1min to 1hr. The quality of the graphene films and their structural, morphological, and electronic properties were evaluated by micro-Raman spectroscopy and other techniques, including, scanning tunneling microscopy, atomic force microscopy, and scanning electronic microscopy. In particular, samples obtained with shorter growth time (less than 10min) exhibit a non-uniform coverage of the Cu surface, whereas those synthesized with exposure time between 10 and 30min show a prevalence of well-ordered monolayer graphene domains. For longer deposition, the amount of disordered domains increases, as revealed by Raman analysis, and the resulting film shows a nonself-limiting growth behavior for chemical vapor deposition at atmospheric conditions. In addition, we observed 2 kinds of monolayer graphene, in terms of coupling with the Cu surface, for the samples synthesized between 10 and 30min. To the best of our knowledge, coupled and decoupled graphene regions have never been reported at the same time on Cu surface. Furthermore, a Raman statistical analysis has been performed on the G and 2D bands measured in both the kinds of regions, gaining evidence of a bimodal behavior for the graphene spots, corresponding to coupled and decoupled configurations. This difference, which is appreciable also by the optical microscopy inspection, could be related to the local Cu oxidation and to oxygen intercalation after graphene growth.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1006-1014
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Raman Spectroscopy
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2018
Event5th National Congress on Raman Spectroscopies and Nonlinear Optical Effects (GISR) - Grignano, Italy
Duration: 1-Jun-2017 → …


  • chemical vapor deposition
  • copper foil
  • graphene
  • Raman spectroscopy
  • scanning tunneling microscopy

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