Characterization of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Ras1p and chimaeric constructs of Ras proteins reveals the hypervariable region and farnesylation as critical elements in the adenylyl cyclase signaling pathway

JB Crechet*, RH Cool, E Jacquet, JY Lallemand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ras1p and Ras2p, from Saccharomyces cerevisiae, are GTP-binding proteins that are essential elements in the signaling cascade leading to the activation of adenylyl cyclase. To overcome proteolytic activities that have hampered biochemical studies of Ras1p so far, its gene was genetically modified after which full-length Ras1p could be obtained. The interaction of famesylated and unprenylated Ras1p with guanine nucleotides, guanine nucleotide exchange factors, GTPase activating proteins, and adenylyl cyclase was compared to Ras2p and human Ha-Ras interactions. Farnesylation of Ras proteins was demonstrated to be a prerequisite for membrane-bound guanine nucleotide exchange factor dependent formation of Ras-GTP complexes, and for efficient Ras-mediated adenylyl cyclase activation. To relate observed functional deviations with sequence differences between Ras1p and Ras2p, which reside almost exclusively within the hypervariable region, truncated versions and chimaeras of the Ras proteins were made. The characteristics of these constructs point to the presence of the hypervariable region of yeast Ras proteins for an efficient activation of adenylyl cyclase. The importance of the latter was confirmed as inhibition of the activation of adenylyl cyclase by an isolated farnesylated hypervariable region of Ras2p could be shown. This strongly suggests that the hypervariable region of Ras proteins can interact directly with adenylyl cyclase.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14903-14912
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume42
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23-Dec-2003

Keywords

  • GUANINE-NUCLEOTIDE EXCHANGE
  • GTPASE-ACTIVATING PROTEIN
  • ELONGATION-FACTOR-TU
  • SWITCH-II REGION
  • CATALYTIC DOMAIN
  • PLASMA-MEMBRANE
  • STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENTS
  • DIFFERENTIAL ACTIVATION
  • POLYBASIC DOMAIN
  • TERMINAL DOMAIN

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