Chemical abundances of two extragalactic young massive clusters

Svea Hernandez, Søren Larsen, Scott Trager, Paul Groot, Lex Kaper

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Abstract

We use integrated-light spectroscopic observations to measure metallicities and chemical abundances for two extragalactic young massive star clusters (NGC1313-379 and NGC1705-1). The spectra were obtained with the X-Shooter spectrograph on the ESO Very Large Telescope. We compute synthetic integrated-light spectra, based on colour-magnitude diagrams for the brightest stars in the clusters from Hubble Space Telescope photometry and theoretical isochrones. Furthermore, we test the uncertainties arising from the use of Colour Magnitude Diagram (CMD) +Isochrone method compared to an Isochrone-Only method. The abundances of the model spectra are iteratively adjusted until the best fit to the observations is obtained. In this work we mainly focus on the optical part of the spectra. We find metallicities of [Fe/H] = $-$0.84 $\pm$ 0.07 and [Fe/H] = $-$0.78 $\pm$ 0.10 for NGC1313-379 and NGC1705-1, respectively. We measure [$\alpha$/Fe]=$+$0.06 $\pm$ 0.11 for NGC1313-379 and a super-solar [$\alpha$/Fe]=$+$0.32 $\pm$ 0.12 for NGC1705-1. The roughly solar [$\alpha$/Fe] ratio in NGC1313-379 resembles those for young stellar populations in the Milky Way (MW) and the Magellanic Clouds, whereas the enhanced [$\alpha$/Fe] ratio in NGC1705-1 is similar to that found for the cluster NGC1569-B by previous studies. Such super-solar [$\alpha$/Fe] ratios are also predicted by chemical evolution models that incorporate the bursty star formation histories of these dwarf galaxies. Furthermore, our $\alpha$-element abundances agree with abundance measurements from H II regions in both galaxies. In general we derive Fe-peak abundances similar to those observed in the MW and Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) for both young massive clusters. For these elements, however, we recommend higher-resolution observations to improve the Fe-peak abundance measurements.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA119
Number of pages24
JournalAstronomy & astrophysics
Volume603
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2017

Keywords

  • Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
  • HIGH-RESOLUTION
  • STELLAR POPULATIONS
  • LARGE-MAGELLANIC-CLOUD
  • DWARF SPHEROIDAL GALAXIES
  • BLUE COMPACT GALAXIES
  • INFRARED SPECTRAL DISTRIBUTIONS
  • HIGH-DISPERSION SPECTROSCOPY
  • SUPER-STAR CLUSTER
  • GLOBULAR-CLUSTERS
  • RED SUPERGIANTS

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