Cholic acid induces a Cftr dependent biliary secretion and liver growth response in mice

Frank A. J. A. Bodewes*, Marcel J. Bijvelds, Willemien de Vries, Juul F. W. Baller, Annette S. H. Gouw, Hugo R. de Jonge, Henkjan J. Verkade

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The cause of Cystic fibrosis liver disease (CFLD), is unknown. It is well recognized that hepatic exposure to hydrophobic bile salts is associated with the development of liver disease. For this reason, we hypothesize that, CFTR dependent variations, in the hepatic handling of hydrophobic bile salts, are related to the development CFLD. To test our hypothesis we studied, in Cftr-/- and control mice, bile production, bile composition and liver pathology, in normal feeding condition and during cholate exposure, either acute (intravenous) or chronic (three weeks via the diet). In Cftr-/- and control mice the basal bile production was comparable. Intravenous taurocholate increased bile production to the same extent in Cftr-/- and control mice. However, chronic cholate exposure increased the bile flow significantly less in Cftr-/- mice than in controls, together with significantly higher biliary bile salt concentration in Cftr-/- mice. Prolonged cholate exposure, however, did not induce CFLD like pathology in Cftr-/- mice. Chronic cholate exposure did induce a significant increase in liver mass in controls that was absent in Cftr-/- mice. Chronic cholate administration induces a cystic fibrosis-specific hepatobiliary phenotype, including changes in bile composition. These changes could not be associated with CFLD like pathological changes in CF mouse livers. However, chronic cholate administration induces liver growth in controls that is absent in Cftr-/- mice. Our findings point to an impaired adaptive homeotrophic liver response to prolonged hydrophobic bile salt exposure in CF conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0117599
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-Feb-2015

Keywords

  • TRANSMEMBRANE CONDUCTANCE REGULATOR
  • CYSTIC-FIBROSIS MOUSE
  • DUCT EPITHELIAL-CELLS
  • FARNESOID-X RECEPTOR
  • P-GLYCOPROTEIN GENE
  • BILE-SALTS
  • DISEASE
  • MODEL
  • MDR2
  • RAT

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