CHOP is the standard regimen in patients >= 70 years of age with intermediate-grade and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: Results of a randomized study of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Lymphoma Cooperative Study Group

U Tirelli*, D Errante, M Van Glabbeke, [No Value] Teodorovic, JC Kluin-Nelemans, J Thomas, D Bron, G Rosti, R Somers, [No Value] Zagonel, EM Noordijk

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Purpose: We report the results of a randomized study of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Lymphoma Group, which compared a chemotherapy regimen specifically devised for elderly patients, ie, etoposide, mitoxantrone, and prednimustine (VMP), versus the standard regimen of cyclophosphamide, doxorobucin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP) in patients older than 70 years of age with intermediate-and high-grade non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).

Patients and Methods: Patients older than 70 years of age with stage II, III, or IV intermediate- and high-grade NHL, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status less than 4 and acceptable cardiac, renal, and liver function were randomized to receive six courses of VMP or six courses of CHOP, Between February 1989 and June 1994, 130 patients aged 70 to 93 years (median, 75) were enrolled and 120 were assessable for response, 60 patients in each arm.

Results: Overall objective response rates were 50% and 77% in VMP- and CHOP-treated patients, respectively (P = .01), while complete response (CR) rates were borderline significant (27% v 45%; P = .06), At 2 years, the progression-free survival (PFS) rate was 25% with VMP versus 55% with CHOP (P = .002) and the overall survival (OS) rate was 30% with VMP versus 65% with CHOP (P = .004). Statistically significant more alopecia and neurologic and gastrointestinal toxicities were reported with CHOP.

Conclusion: CHOP is the standard regimen for patients greater than or equal to years of age with stage II to IV intermediate- and high-grade NHL. (C) 1998 by American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-34
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Oncology
Volume16
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DIFFUSE HISTIOCYTIC LYMPHOMA
  • LARGE-CELL LYMPHOMA
  • ELDERLY PATIENTS
  • PHASE-II
  • COMBINATION CHEMOTHERAPY
  • MITOXANTRONE
  • OLDER
  • FEATURES

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