Classes of adolescents with disruptive behaviors in a general population sample

FEPL Sondeijker, RF Ferdinand*, AJ Oldehinkel, René Veenstra, AF De Winter, J Ormel, FC Verhulst

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background To study disruptive behaviors adequately, we need to distinguish between individuals with different types of problems that may have a different etiology. The availability of a taxonomic system that helps in identifying homogeneous groups of individuals, with similar patterns of disruptive behaviors, is crucial to achieve this goal. Therefore, we examine which classes of preadolescents with symptoms of Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder ( ODD), and Conduct Disorder (CD) can be identified in the general population. Methods Disruptive behaviors of 2,230 10-12 year olds from the Dutch general population were assessed with the Child Behavior Checklist and Youth. Self-Report. Results Latent class analysis revealed three classes of preadolescents: the first characterized by high scores on ADHD, ODD, and CD items; a second by high probabilities of ADHD and ODD symptoms; a third with low scores on all items. Conclusions Because classes of preadolescents with symptoms of only one type of disruptive behavior problems could not be identified, it can be questioned how useful separate diagnostic distinctions are in general population studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-938
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Volume40
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2005

Keywords

  • latent class analysis
  • ADHD
  • ODD
  • CD
  • general population
  • adolescents
  • LIFE-COURSE-PERSISTENT
  • CONDUCT DISORDER
  • ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR
  • ATTENTION-DEFICIT
  • LATENT-CLASS
  • EXTERNALIZING BEHAVIOR
  • NESTED HYPOTHESES
  • DSM-IV
  • CHILDHOOD
  • CHILDREN

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