Climato-economic roots of survival versus self-expression cultures

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32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The circumstances under which societies adapt their cultural values to cold, temperate, and hot climates include the availability of money to cope with climate. In a country-level study, collective income, household income, and economic growth were conceptualized as moderators of the climate-culture link because money is primarily used to satisfy homeostatic needs for thermal comfort, nutrition, and health. The results demonstrate that members of societies in more-demanding climates endorse survival values at the expense of self-expression values to the extent that they are poorer (n = 74 nations), that household incomes in these lower-income societies are lower (it = 66 nations), and that they face more economic recession (n = 38 nations). In addition to theoretical implications, the findings have practical implications for the cultural consequences of global warming and the effectiveness of financing for human development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)156-172
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Volume38
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2007

Keywords

  • cultural adaptation
  • thermal climates
  • survival
  • values
  • self-expression values
  • CROSS-NATIONAL DIFFERENCES
  • AMBIENT-TEMPERATURE
  • CLIMATE
  • WEALTH
  • COUNTRIES
  • MOTIVES
  • LESS

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