Clinical characteristics and prognosis of patients with heart failure and high concentrations of interleukin-17D

Lukas Baumhove, Nils Bomer, Jasper Tromp, Bart J. van Essen, Kenneth Dickstein, John G. Cleland, Chim C. Lang, Leong L. Ng, Nilesh J. Samani, Stefan D. Anker, Marco Metra, Dirk J. van Veldhuisen, Peter van der Meer, Adriaan A. Voors*

*Corresponding author for this work

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Aims: Heart failure (HF) is associated with cytokine activation and inflammation. Experimental evidence suggests that plasma interleukin-17 (IL-17) is associated with myocardial fibrosis and cardiac dysfunction in HF. IL-17D, a subtype of IL-17 originates from particular tissues such as the heart. However, there is very limited data on the IL-17 cytokine family in patients with HF. Therefore, we investigated the association between circulating IL-17D levels, clinical characteristics and outcome in a large cohort of patients with heart failure. 

Methods and results: Plasma IL-17D was measured in 2032 patients with HF from 11 European countries using a proximity extension assay. The primary outcome was a composite of HF hospitalization or all-cause mortality. Patients with higher plasma IL-17D concentrations were more likely to have atrial fibrillation (AF), renal dysfunction and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and had higher plasma N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) concentrations (all p < 0.001). IL-17D was not associated with interleukin-6 (IL-6) or C-reactive protein (CRP) concentrations. After adjustment for confounders in a multivariable Cox regression analysis, patients in the highest quartile of plasma IL-17D had a significantly increased risk of the composite outcome of HF hospitalization or all-cause mortality compared to patients in the lowest quartile [Hazard ratio (HR) 1.28, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.05–1.57]. 

Conclusion: In patients with HF, elevated plasma IL-17D concentrations are associated with higher plasma NT-proBNP concentrations and a higher prevalence of AF and renal dysfunction. High IL-17D concentrations are independently associated with worse outcome.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131384
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Publication statusPublished - 1-Feb-2024


  • Cytokines
  • Heart failure
  • Inflammation

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