Clinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with borderline intellectual functioning or mild intellectual disability: an overview of the literature

M J Smit*, M Scheffers, C Emck, J T van Busschbach, P J Beek

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    Abstract

    BACKGROUND: Sexual abuse in individuals with (above) average iq is associated with a wide range of behavioural and psychological clinical characteristics, including characteristics regarding body experience. However, research on the clinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with borderline intellectual functioning or mild intellectual disability (bif-mid) is scarce. OBJECTIVE To provide an overview of the literature on the clinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with bif-mid.<br/> METHOD: PubMed, Embase, PsycInfo, cinahl, Cochrane Library and Web of Science were searched for relevant publications using terms related to 'intellectual disability' and 'sexual abuse'. <br/> RESULTS: Seven studies were included. The studies in question mostly reported behavioural and psychological characteristics such as challenging behaviour, sexualised behaviour or posttraumatic stress, anxiety or depressive symptoms associated with sexual abuse in individuals with bif-mid. None of the studies reported problems regarding body experience. CONCLUSIONS Sexual abuse in individuals with bif-mid is associated with a broad range of behavioural and psychological characteristics similar to that of individuals with (above) average iq. Whether sexually abused individuals with bif-mid have similar problems in body experience as sexually abused individuals with (higher than) average iq needs to be investigated.

    Translated title of the contributionClinical characteristics of sexually abused individuals with borderline intellectual functioning or mild intellectual disability: an overview of the literature
    Original languageDutch
    Pages (from-to)878-887
    Number of pages10
    JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
    Volume62
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

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