Clinical implications of increased uptake in bone marrow and spleen on FDG-PET in patients with bacteremia

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Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate which clinical factors and laboratory values are associated with high FDG uptake in the bone marrow and spleen on 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-D-glucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) in patients with bacteremia.

METHODS: One hundred forty-five consecutive retrospective patients with bacteremia who underwent FDG-PET/CT between 2010 and 2017 were included. Mean standard uptake values (SUVmean) of FDG in bone marrow, liver, and spleen were measured. Bone marrow-to-liver SUV ratios (BLR) and spleen-to-liver SUV ratios (SLR) were calculated. Linear regression analyses were performed to examine the association of BLR and SLR with age, gender, hemoglobin, leukocyte count, platelets, glucose level, C-reactive protein (CRP), microorganism, days of antibiotic treatment before FDG-PET/CT, infection focus, use of immunosuppressive drugs, duration of hospital stay (after FDG-PET/CT), ICU admission, and mortality.

RESULTS: C-reactive protein (p = 0.006), a cardiovascular or musculoskeletal focus of infection (p = 0.000 for both), and bacteremia caused by Gram-negative bacteria (p = 0.002) were independently and positively associated with BLR, while age (p = 0.000) and glucose level before FDG-PET/CT (p = 0.004) were independently and negatively associated with BLR. For SLR, CRP (p = 0.001) and a cardiovascular focus of infection (p = 0.020) were independently and positively associated with SLR, while age (p = 0.002) and glucose level before FDG-PET/CT (p = 0.016) were independently and negatively associated with SLR.

CONCLUSION: High FDG uptake in the bone marrow is associated with a higher inflammatory response and younger age in patients with bacteremia. In patients with high FDG uptake in the bone marrow, a cardiovascular or musculoskeletal focus of infection is more likely than other foci, and the infection is more often caused by Gram-negative species. High splenic FDG uptake is associated with a higher inflammatory response as well, and a cardiovascular focus of infection is also more likely in case of high splenic FDG uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages11
JournalEuropean Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Early online date2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26-Oct-2020

Keywords

  • Bacteremia
  • Bone marrow
  • Spleen
  • FDG
  • Uptake
  • Sepsis
  • F-18-FDG PET/CT
  • INFECTION
  • CANCER

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