Clinical indications to the use of Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC to detect somatostatin receptor-positive neuroendocrine tumors

M. G. Parisella, M. Chianelli, C. D'Alessandria, V. Todino, R. Mikolajczak, E. Papini, R. A. Dierckx, F. Scopinaro, A. Signore*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to define, retrospectively, the utility to perform Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide (Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC) scan in patients with NET. We studied 50 consecutive patients affected by different types of NET and divided in two groups. Group 1: 34 patients with known lesions in which Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC was performed for staging, characterisation or to choose the appropriate treatment. Group 2: 16 patients suspected of having NET or in follow up after surgery. Patients were injected with 370 MBq of Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-Tyr3-octreotide and whole-body and SPET images acquired 2-3 hours after injection. Overall, 29 patients (58%) had a positive scan, with a sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of 70.3%, 76.9% and 72%, respectively (78.1%, 50% and 76.5%, in group 1 and 20%, 81.2%, 62.5% in group 2). In patients from group 1 Tc-99m-HYNIC-TOC scintigraphy showed a concordance of 68% with another imaging procedure and in 9 patients revealed a greater number of lesions. In the second group, false negative results were especially found in patients with medullary thyroid cancer with negative radiological findings and elevated calcitonin. In conclusion, Tc-99m-EDDA/HYNIC-TOC is highly indicated for in vivo histological characterization of known NET lesions, previously identified by other imaging modalities or biopsy, to plan appropriate therapy especially for patients with inoperable disease. In patients with only biochemical suspicion of NET and in those with negative markers, this scintigraphy does not significantly modify the clinical management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)90-98
Number of pages9
JournalQuarterly Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
Volume56
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2012

Keywords

  • Neuroendocrine tumors
  • Receptors, somatostatin
  • Technetium Tc 99m hydrazinonicotinyl-Tyr(3)-octreotide
  • MEDULLARY-THYROID CARCINOMA
  • POSITRON-EMISSION-TOMOGRAPHY
  • NUCLEAR-MEDICINE
  • SCINTIGRAPHY
  • PET
  • GA-68-DOTA-TYR(3)-OCTREOTIDE
  • RADIOPHARMACEUTICALS
  • TC-99M-DEPREOTIDE
  • DIAGNOSIS
  • F-18-FDG

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