Clinical longevity of extensive direct resin composite restorations after amalgam replacement with a mean follow-up of 15 years

Jelte W. Hofsteenge*, Johannes D. Scholtanus, Mutlu Özcan, Ilja M. Nolte, Marco S. Cune, Marco M.M. Gresnigt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
5 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to determine the survival of extensive direct resin composite restorations after amalgam replacement on vital molars and premolars after a mean observation period of 15 years.

Methods: Between January 2007 and September 2013, a total of 117 extensive cusp replacing direct resin composite restorations were placed in 88 patients in a general dental practice. These were indicated for replacement of existing amalgam restorations. Tooth vitality, the absence of at least one cusp in premolars, and at least two cusps in molars were considered for inclusion. The long-term follow-up of the restorations, re-evaluated after up to 17 years using the original evaluation criteria is reported.

Results: 81 of 88 patients (92.1%) and 106 of 117 restorations (90.6%) were available for follow-up. The cumulative success rate was 62.0% (95% CI: 47.3–76.2, AFR 2.79%) after a mean observation time of 163.4 months, the cumulative survival rate was 74.7% (95% CI: 59.8–89.6%, AFR: 1.70%) after a mean observation time of 179.1 months. The number of cusps replaced in premolars had a statistically significant influence on the success and survival rate of the restorations (HR of respectively, 2.974 and 3.175, p = <0.0005). Premolars with two cusps replaced had 297% more chance of failure than premolars with one cusp replaced.

Conclusions: Extensive direct resin composite restorations placed after amalgam replacement showed good survival after a mean observation period of 15 years. The number of cusps involved had a statistically significant influence on the longevity of the restorations in premolars.

Clinical Significance: With good survival and low annual failure rates, direct resin composite restorations are a suitable treatment for repairing extensive defects in posterior teeth involving multiple cusps and surfaces, provided that they are placed by a dentist who has long experience and is skilled in the placement of direct composite materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104409
Number of pages7
JournalJOURNAL OF DENTISTRY
Volume130
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2023

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Clinical trial
  • Cusp replacement
  • Dental materials
  • Restorative dentistry
  • Survival

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