Clustering and lifetime of Lyman Alpha Emitters in the Epoch of Reionization

Anne Hutter, Pratika Dayal, Volker Müller

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We calculate Lyman Alpha Emitter (LAE) angular correlation functions (ACFs) at z ≃ 6.6 and the fraction of lifetime (for the 100 Myr preceding z ≃ 6.6) galaxies spend as Lyman Break Galaxies (LBGs) or as LBGs with Lyman Alpha (Lyα) emission using a model that combines smoothed particle hydrodynamics cosmological simulations (GADGET-2), dust attenuation and a radiative transfer code (pCRASH). The ACFs are a powerful tool that significantly narrows the 3D parameter space allowed by LAE Lyα and UV luminosity functions (LFs) alone. With this work, we simultaneously constrain the escape fraction of ionizing photons fesc = 0.05-0.5, the mean fraction of neutral hydrogen in the intergalactic medium (IGM) < χ _{H I} > ≲ 0.01 and the dust- dependent ratio of the escape fractions of Lyα and UV continuum photons fα/fc = 0.6-1.2. Our results show that reionization has the largest impact on the amplitude of the ACFs, and its imprints are clearly distinguishable from those of fesc and fα/fc. We also show that galaxies with a critical stellar mass of M* = 108.5(109.5) M produce enough luminosity to stay visible as LBGs (LAEs). Finally, the fraction of time during the past 100 Myr prior to z = 6.6 a galaxy spends as an LBG or as an LBG with Lyα emission increases with the UV magnitude (and the stellar mass M*); considering observed (dust and IGM attenuated) luminosities, the fraction of time a galaxy spends as an LBG (LAE) increases from 65-100 per cent (≃ 0-100 per cent) as MUV decreases from MUV = -18.0 to -23.5 (M* increases from 108-1010.5 M). Thus in our model, the brightest (most massive) LBGs most often show Lyα emission.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4025-4034
Number of pages10
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jul-2015
Externally publishedYes


  • radiative transfer
  • methods: numerical
  • dust
  • extinction
  • galaxies: high-redshift
  • dark ages
  • reionization
  • first stars
  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
  • Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies

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