Coal, ash, and other tales: The making and remaking of the anti-coal movement in Aliağa, Turkey

Ethemcan Turhan*, Begüm Özkaynak, Cem İskender Aydın

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Aliaga Bay–located on the Aegean coast, with abundant scenic landscapes, pristine waters, and archaeologically important sites–was initially designated as a heavy industrial development zone by the 1961 Constitution. Turkey at one stroke left behind the Third World evolutionary phase and entered a new one full of the promises and challenges of modern industrial society. The legal turn of the Aliaga anti-coal movement proved to be a winning card in the 1990s, mainly because it was not the solitary effort of a single organization, rather, it brought together a diverse set of actors that formed a broad supporter base. The anti-coal struggle in Aliaga has particularly been instrumental and arguably pioneered the “legal turn” of environmental activism in Turkey, holding the state accountable for environmental injustices through multi-faceted efforts. The chapter concludes by offering some ideas for a synthesis of the continuities and ruptures of the environmental struggle in Aliaga.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTransforming Socio-Natures in Turkey
Subtitle of host publicationLandscapes, State and Environmental Movements
EditorsOnur Inal, Ethemcan Turhan
Number of pages21
ISBN (Electronic)9780429770722
ISBN (Print)9781138367692
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-2019
Externally publishedYes

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