Cobalt-57 and technetium-99m-HMPAO-labeled leukocytes for visualization of ischemic infarcts

H Stevens, C Van de Wiele, P Santens, HML Jansen, J De Reuck, R Dierckx, J Korf*

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    15 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Previous studies have shown the usefulness of divalent cobalt isotopes to visualize cerebral damage after stroke, The site of accumulation of cobalt ion is unknown but may be explained by neuronal influx, analogous to that of calcium ion. Additionally, uptake may be due to infiltrating leukocytes or protein-bound cobalt. The aims of this study were to compare Co-57-SPECT with leukocyte SPECT and to compare the SPECT findings with clinical outcome as scored by the Orgogozo scale. Materials: Ten patients with a CT scan positive for middle cerebral artery infarcts were included in the study (7 men, 3 women; mean age 70 yr), Technetium-99m leukocyte and cobalt-SPECT (interval 2-4 days) were made with a double-headed gamma camera, after the injection of 10-15 mCi Tc-99m-HMPAO-labeled leukocytes and 0.4 mCi Co-57, respectively, Scans were performed within 5-30 days after onset of the first symptoms. Regions of interest (ROI) containing the area of infarction in the slices displaying enhanced radioactivity or the middle cerebral artery (MCA) region in four successive slices were defined for calculating enhancement ratios. The (TC)-T-99m leukocyte enhancement ratio (LER) and cobalt enhancement ratio (CER) were defined as the quotient of radioactivity in the ROI and an identical contralateral ROI. The MCA stroke-scale according to Orgogozo was used to assess neurological deficits at the time of scanning and discharge. Results: Cobalt-57 and Tc-99m-HMPAO showed uptake in the infarcted brain area in five patients; the quantitative uptake in the infarcted brain area of the two tracers correlated significantly (p <0.05). Both the LER and the CER correlated significantly (p <0.05) with the Orgogozo score at the time of scanning. Only the LER correlated significantly (p <0.05) with the Orgogozo score at discharge. Conclusion: Uptake of cobalt and leukocytes in the peri-infarct tissue suggests that Co-57 may visualize a component of the inflammatory response. Divalent Co-57 may be convenient to predict clinical prognosis after stroke.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)495-498
    Number of pages4
    JournalJournal of Nuclear Medicine
    Volume39
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - Mar-1998

    Keywords

    • cerebral ischemia
    • stroke
    • leukocyte
    • cobalt-57
    • SPECT
    • technetium-99m-HMPAO
    • POSITRON EMISSION TOMOGRAPHY
    • MIDDLE CEREBRAL-ARTERY
    • TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY
    • PROGRESSIVE MULTIPLE-SCLEROSIS
    • CALCIUM ACCUMULATION
    • RAT-BRAIN
    • STROKE
    • OCCLUSION
    • ANTIBODY
    • NEURONS

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