Coenzyme A and its derivatives: renaissance of a textbook classic

Frederica L. Theodoulou*, Ody C. M. Sibon, Suzanne Jackowski, Ivan Gout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In 1945, Fritz Lipmann discovered a heat-stable cofactor required for many enzyme-catalysed acetylation reactions. He later determined the structure for this acetylation coenzyme, or coenzyme A (CoA), an achievement for which he was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1953. CoA is now firmly embedded in the literature, and in students' minds, as an acyl carrier in metabolic reactions. However, recent research has revealed diverse and important roles for CoA above and beyond intermediary metabolism. As well as participating in direct post-translational regulation of metabolic pathways by protein acetylation, CoA modulates the epigenome via acetylation of histones. The organization of CoA biosynthetic enzymes into multiprotein complexes with different partners also points to close linkages between the CoA pool and multiple signalling pathways. Dysregulation of CoA biosynthesis or CoA thioester homoeostasis is associated with various human pathologies and, although the biochemistry of CoA biosynthesis is highly conserved, there are significant sequence and structural differences between microbial and human biosynthetic enzymes. Therefore the CoA biosynthetic pathway is an attractive target for drug discovery. The purpose of the Coenzyme A and Its Derivatives in Cellular Metabolism and Disease Biochemical Society Focused Meeting was to bring together researchers from around the world to discuss the most recent advances on the influence of CoA, its biosynthetic enzymes and its thioesters in cellular metabolism and diseases and to discuss challenges and opportunities for the future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1025-1032
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemical Society Transactions
Volume42
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2014

Keywords

  • anti-metabolite
  • coenzyme A (CoA)
  • neurodegeneration
  • pantothenate
  • protein acetylation
  • vanin
  • COA BIOSYNTHESIS
  • ACYL-COA
  • ACETYLATION
  • METABOLISM
  • NEURODEGENERATION
  • ARABIDOPSIS
  • SYNTHASE
  • ENZYMES

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