Cognitive coping and goal adjustment after first-time myocardial infarction: relationships with symptoms of depression

N. Garnefski, V. Kraaij, M.J. Schroevers, J. Aarnink, D.J. van der Heijden, S.M. van Es, M. van Herpen, G.A. Somsen

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Abstract

The authors studied the relationships among cognitive coping strategies, goal adjustment processes (disengagement and reengagement), and depressive symptomatology in a sample of 139 patients who had experienced a first-time acute myocardial infarction between 3 and 12 months before data assessment. They assessed cognitive coping strategies, goal adjustment, and depressive symptoms by the Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire, the Goal Obstruction Questionnaire, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, respectively. Main statistical methods were Peat-son correlations and multiple regression analyses. Results show significant associations among the cognitive coping strategies of rumination, catastrophizing, and higher depressive symptoms, as well as among positive refocusing, goal reengagement, and lower depressive symptoms. This suggests that cognitive coping and goal reengagement strategies may be useful targets for intervention
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-86
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioral Medicine
Volume35
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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