Combined 1H-Detected Solid-State NMR Spectroscopy and Electron Cryotomography to Study Membrane Proteins across Resolutions in Native Environments

Lindsay A Baker, Tessa Sinnige, Pascale Schellenberger, Jeanine de Keyzer, C Alistair Siebert, Arnold J M Driessen, Marc Baldus, Kay Grünewald

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33 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Membrane proteins remain challenging targets for structural biology, despite much effort, as their native environment is heterogeneous and complex. Most methods rely on detergents to extract membrane proteins from their native environment, but this removal can significantly alter the structure and function of these proteins. Here, we overcome these challenges with a hybrid method to study membrane proteins in their native membranes, combining high-resolution solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and electron cryotomography using the same sample. Our method allows the structure and function of membrane proteins to be studied in their native environments, across different spatial and temporal resolutions, and the combination is more powerful than each technique individually. We use the method to demonstrate that the bacterial membrane protein YidC adopts a different conformation in native membranes and that substrate binding to YidC in these native membranes differs from purified and reconstituted systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberj.str.2017.11.011
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalStructure
Volume26
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2-Jan-2018

Keywords

  • solid state NMR
  • electron tomography
  • membrane proteins
  • CHEMICAL-SHIFTS
  • IN-SITU
  • SOLID-STATE NMR
  • DYNAMIC NUCLEAR-POLARIZATION
  • ANABAENA SENSORY RHODOPSIN
  • SIDE-CHAIN PROTONS
  • CRYOELECTRON TOMOGRAPHY
  • MAGNETIC-RESONANCE
  • ESCHERICHIA-COLI
  • SECONDARY STRUCTURE

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