Communism and the Incentive to Share in Science

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Abstract

The communist norm requires that scientists widely share the results of their work. Where did this norm come from, and how does it persist? I argue on the basis of a game-theoretic model that rational credit-maximizing scientists will in many cases conform to the norm. This means that the origins and persistence of the communist norm can be explained even in the absence of a social contract or enforcement, contrary to recent work by Michael Strevens but adding to previous work emphasizing the benefits of the incentive structure created by the priority rule.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)698-716
Number of pages19
JournalPhilosophy of Science
Volume84
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION
  • STATISTICAL-ANALYSIS
  • GENERAL CREATIVITY
  • COLLABORATION
  • INVENTIVITY
  • DISCOVERY
  • SOCIOLOGY
  • PATTERNS
  • CHAPTER
  • AUTHORS

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