Comparison of Two 2.45 GHz Microwave Ablation Devices with Respect to Ablation Zone Volume in Relation to Applied Energy in Patients with Malignant Liver Tumours

Simeon J S Ruiter*, Jamila E de Jong, Jan Pieter Pennings, Robbert J de Haas, Koert P de Jong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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PURPOSE: (i) to compare two 2.45 GHz MWA devices with respect to AZV in relation to the applied energy after MWA in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) or colorectal liver metastasis (CRLM) and (ii) to identify potential confounders for this relationship.

METHODS: In total, 102 tumours, 65 CRLM and 37 HCC were included in this retrospective analysis. Tumours were treated with Emprint (n = 71) or Neuwave (n = 31) MWA devices. Ablation treatment setting were recorded and applied energy was calculated. AZV and tumour volumes were segmented on the contrast-enhanced CT scans obtained 1 week after treatment. The AZV to applied energy R(AZV:E) ratios were calculated for each tumour treatment and compared between both MWA devices and tumour types.

RESULTS: R(AZV:E)EMPRINT was 0.41 and R(AZV:E)NEUWAVE was 0.81, p < 0.001. Moderate correlation between AZV and applied energy was found for Emprint (r = 0.57, R2 = 0.32, p < 0.001) and strong correlation was found for Neuwave (r = 0.78, R2 = 0.61, p < 0.001). R(AZV:E)CRLM was 0.45 and R(AZV:E)HCC was 0.52, p = 0.270.

CONCLUSION: This study confirms the unpredictability of AZVs based on the applied output energy for HCC and CRLM. No significant differences in R(AZV:E) were observed between CRLM and HCC. Significantly lower R(AZV:E) was found for Emprint devices compared to Neuwave; however, reflected energy due to cable and antenna design remains unclear and might contribute to these differences.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5570
Number of pages10
Issue number22
Publication statusPublished - 13-Nov-2022

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