Competitive Organizational Climate and Artificial Intelligence Acceptance: The Moderating Role of Leaders’ Power Construal

Kyriaki Fousiani*, Giorgos Michelakis, Pieter A. Minnigh, Kiki de Jonge

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The incorporation of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in organizations is pivotal to deal with work-related tasks and challenges effectively, yet little is known about the organizational factors that influence AI acceptance (i.e., employee favorable AI attitudes and AI use). To address this limitation in the literature and provide insight into the organizational antecedents influencing AI acceptance, this research investigated the relationship between competitive organizational climate and AI acceptance among employees. Moreover, given the critical role of a leader in employee attitude and behavior, we examined the moderating role of leaders’ power construal as responsibility or as opportunity in this relationship. Study 1 was a three-wave field study among employees (N= 237, Mage= 38.28) working in various organizations in the UK. The study measured employees’ perception of a competitive organizational climate at Time 1, leaders’ power construal (as perceived by employees) at Time 2, and employee attitudes towards AI and their actual use of AI in the workplace at Times 2 and 3. Study 2 was a 2 (climate: highly competitive vs. low competitive) by 2 (power construal: responsibility vs. opportunity) experiment among employee participants (N= 150, Mage= 37.50). Study 1 demonstrated a positive relationship between competitive climate and employee AI use over time. Furthermore, both studies revealed an interaction between competitive climate and leader’s power construal in the prediction of employee AI acceptance: In Study 1, competitive climate was negatively related to AI acceptance over time when leaders construed power as opportunity. In Study 2 competitive climate was positively related to AI acceptance when leaders construed power as responsibility rather than as opportunity. These results underscore the organizational factors that are required in order for employees to shape favorable attitudes towards AI and actually use AI at work. Importantly, this research expands the limited body of literature on AI integration in organizations.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1359164
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in Psychology
Volume15
Early online date8-Mar-2024
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26-Mar-2024

Keywords

  • Competitive organizational climate, artificial intelligence acceptance in organizations, Leadership, power construal, power as responsibility, power as opportunity, Employee attitudes

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