Completion rate of small bowel capsule endoscopy is higher after erythromycin compared to domperidone

Jessie Westerhof, Rinse K. Weersma, Reinier Hoedemakers, Jan J. Koornstra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
249 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Background: In up to 30 percent of small bowel capsule endoscopy procedures, the capsule does not reach the cecum within recording time. A prolonged gastric transit time has been recognized as a risk factor for incomplete capsule endoscopy. The aim of this study was to analyze if a single dose of orally administered erythromycin prior to capsule endoscopy results in a higher completion rate compared to orally administered domperidone.

Methods: Single centre, non-concurrent prospective cohort study, 649 capsule endoscopy procedures were included. Cecal completion rates, gastric and small bowel transit times and diagnostic yield were analyzed.

Results: 239 patients received erythromycin, 410 patients received domperidone. The cecal completion rate was 86% after erythromycin versus 80% after domperidone (p = 0.03). After excluding known risk factors for incomplete capsule endoscopy such as hospitalization and previous abdominal surgery, erythromycin still resulted in an increased completion rate (p = 0.04). Median gastric transit time was lower after erythromycin compared to domperidone (13 min versus 22 min, p <0.001). Median small bowel transit times were similar in both groups (236 min versus 248 min, p = 0.21).

Conclusions: In this study, the largest to date on this subject, the cecal completion rate was higher with erythromycin than with domperidone, but there was no difference in the diagnostic yield.

Original languageEnglish
Article number162
Number of pages5
JournalBmc gastroenterology
Volume14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19-Sep-2014

Keywords

  • TRANSIT-TIME
  • DIABETIC GASTROPARESIS
  • ORAL ERYTHROMYCIN
  • METAANALYSIS
  • EFFICACY

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