Computational Lipidomics with insane: A Versatile Tool for Generating Custom Membranes for Molecular Simulations

Tsjerk A. Wassenaar*, Helgi I. Ingolfsson, Rainer A. Boeckmann, D. Peter Tieleman, Siewert J. Marrink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

405 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For simulations of membranes and membrane proteins, the generation of the lipid bilayer is a critical step in the setup of the system. Membranes comprising multiple components pose a particular challenge, because the relative abundances need to be controlled and the equilibration of the system may take several microseconds. Here we present a comprehensive method for building membrane containing systems, characterized by simplicity and versatility. The program uses preset, coarse-grain lipid templates to build the membrane, and also allows on-the-fly generation of simple lipid types by specifying the headgroup, linker, and lipid tails on the command line. The resulting models can be equilibrated, after which a relaxed atomistic model can be obtained by reverse transformation. For multicomponent membranes, this provides an efficient means for generating equilibrated atomistic models. The method is called insane, an acronym for INSert membrANE. The program has been made available, together with the complementary method for reverse transformation, at http://cgmartini.nl/. This work highlights the key features of insane and presents a survey of properties for a large range of lipids as a start of a computational lipidomics project.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2144-2155
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May-2015

Keywords

  • COARSE-GRAINED MODEL
  • DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS
  • FORCE-FIELD
  • BIOMOLECULAR SIMULATIONS
  • PHOSPHATIDIC-ACID
  • PROTEINS
  • BILAYERS
  • PHOSPHATIDYLCHOLINES
  • ORGANIZATION
  • INSERTION

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