Computer-Assisted Glucose Regulation During Rapid Step-Wise Increases of Parenteral Nutrition in Critically Ill Patients: A Proof of Concept Study

Miriam Hoekstra*, Michiel A. Schoorl, Iwan C. C. van der Horst, Mathijs Vogelzang, J. K. Goetz Wietasch, Felix Zijlstra, Maarten W. N. Nijsten

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Early delivery of calories is important in critically ill patients, and the administration of parenteral nutrition (PN) is sometimes required to achieve this goal. However, PN can induce acute hyperglycemia, which is associated with adverse outcome. We hypothesized that initiation of PN using a rapid "step-up" approach, coupled with a computerized insulin-dosing protocol, would result in a desirable caloric intake within 24 hours without causing hyperglycemia. Methods: In our surgical intensive care unit (ICU), glucose is regulated by a nurse-centered computerized glucose regulation program. When adequate enteral feeding was not possible, PN was initiated according to a simple step-up rule at an infusion rate of 10 mL/h (approximately 10 kcal/h) and subsequently increased by steps of 10 mL/h every 4 hours, provided glucose was = 10 mmol/L. After initiating PN, the insulin requirement rose from 1.1 +/- 1.5 units/h to 2.9 +/- 2.5 units/h (P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-553
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2010

Keywords

  • critically ill
  • nutrition
  • parenteral nutrition
  • glucose
  • insulin
  • hyperglycemia
  • INTENSIVE-CARE-UNIT
  • ENTERAL NUTRITION
  • ADULT PATIENTS
  • SUPPORT
  • HYPERGLYCEMIA
  • GUIDELINES
  • MORTALITY
  • MANAGEMENT
  • OUTCOMES
  • INSULIN

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