Concern with COVID-19 Pandemic Threat and Attitudes Towards Immigrants: The Mediating Effect of the Desire for Tightness

PsyCorona Collaboration, Silvana Mula*, Daniela Di Santo, Elena Resta, Farin Bekhtiari, Conrad Baldner, Erica Molinario, Antonio Pierro, M.J. Gelfand, Ben Gützkow, Bertus F. Jeronimus, Anne Margit Reitsema, Solomiia Myroniuk, Joshua Krause, Wolfgang Stroebe, Max Agostini, Jannis Kreienkamp, Pontus Leander

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Tightening social norms is thought to be adaptive for dealing with collective threat yet it may have negative consequences for increasing prejudice. The present research investigated the role of desire for cultural tightness, triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, in increasing negative attitudes towards immigrants. We used participant-level data from 41 countries (N = 55,015) collected as part of the PsyCorona project, a cross-national longitudinal study on responses to COVID-19. Our predictions were tested through multilevel and SEM models, treating participants as nested within countries. Results showed that people's concern with COVID-19 threat was related to greater desire for tightness which, in turn, was linked to more negative attitudes towards immigrants. These findings were followed up with a longitudinal model (N = 2,349) which also showed that people's heightened concern with COVID-19 in an earlier stage of the pandemic was associated with an increase in their desire for tightness and negative attitudes towards immigrants later in time. Our findings offer insight into the trade-offs that tightening social norms under collective threat has for human groups.
Original languageEnglish
Article number100028
Number of pages8
JournalCurrent Research in Ecological and Social Psychology
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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