Conformational and functional analysis of the lipid binding protein Ag-NPA-1 from the parasitic nematode Ascaridia galli

Rositsa Jordanova, Georgi Radoslavov, Peter Fischer, Eva Liebau, Rolf D. Walter, Ilia Bankov, Raina Boteva

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ag-NPA-1 (AgFABP), a 15 kDa lipid binding protein (LBP) from Ascaridia galli, is a member of the nematode polyprotein allergen/antigen (NPA) family. Spectroscopic analysis shows that Ag-NPA-1 is a highly ordered, alpha-helical protein and that ligand binding slightly increases the ordered secondary structure content. The conserved, single Trp residue (Trp17) and three Tyr residues determine the fluorescence properties of Ag-NPA-1. 1, Analysis of the efficiency of the energy transfer between these chromophores shows a high degree of Tyr-Trp dipole-dipole coupling. Binding of fatty acids and retinol was accompanied by enhancement of the Trp emission, which allowed calculation of the affinity constants of the binary complexes. The distance between the single Trp of Ag-NPA-1 and the fluorescent fatty acid analogue 11-[(5-dimethylaminonaphthalene-1-sulfonyl)amino]undecanoic acid (DAUDA) from the protein binding site is 1.41 nm as estimated by fluorescence resonance energy transfer. A chemical modification of the Cys residues of Ag-NPA-1 (Cys66 and Cys122) with the thiol reactive probes 5-({[(2-iodoacetyl)amino]ethyl} amino) naphthalene-l-sulfonic acid (IAEDANS) and N,N'-dimethyl-N-(iodoacetyl)-N'-(7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl)ethylenediainine (IANBD), followed by MALDI-TOF analysis showed that only Cys66 was labeled. The observed similar affinities for fatty acids of the modified and native Ag-NPA-1 suggest that Cys66 is not a part of the protein binding pocket but is located close to it. Ag-NPA-1 is one of the most abundant proteins in A. galli and it is distributed extracellularly mainly as shown by immunohistology and immunogold electron microscopy. This suggests that Ag-NPA-1 plays an important role in the transport of fatty acids and retinoids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-189
Number of pages10
JournalFebs Journal
Volume272
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • NPA
  • Trp and IAEDANS fluorescence
  • FRET
  • immunohistology
  • FATTY-ACID ANALOG
  • ABA-1 ALLERGEN
  • FLUORESCENCE
  • SUUM
  • IDENTIFICATION
  • EXPRESSION
  • CLONING
  • FAMILY
  • TISSUE
  • UNITS

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