Conservative treatments of children with episodic tension-type headache - A systematic review

AP Verhagen*, L Damen, MY Berger, J Passchier, Vivian Merlijn, BW Koes

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective:We aimed to assess the effectiveness of conservative treatments in children with tension-type headaches (TTH).Method:We searched Medline, Embase and the Cochrane Library and performed reference checking. Two independent authors assessed trial quality and extracted data. Analysis was carried out according to type of intervention.Results:In total we included 11 trials (427 TTH patients, age between 7-18 years) in this review. None of the studies were considered to be of high quality. Eight studies evaluated the effectiveness of relaxation training. Four studies included a waiting list or no treatment control group and in one study a placebo was used. Conclusions:We found conflicting evidence about the effectiveness of relaxation therapy when compared with no treatment or other treatments, with Relative Risks varying from 1.4 (0.6-3.2) to 10.6 (1.6-71.3). With regard to all other interventions evaluated (such as biofeedback, cognitive therapy or flupirtin) no evidence is found for or against their effectiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1147-1154
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neurology
Volume252
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2005
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • pediatric
  • systematic review
  • tension-type headache
  • controlled trial
  • PEDIATRIC HEADACHE
  • RELAXATION TREATMENT
  • CONTROLLED TRIALS
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • CHILDHOOD
  • BIOFEEDBACK
  • MIGRAINE
  • PAIN

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