Construction and Application of R Prime Plasmids, Carrying Different Segments of an Octopine Ti Plasmid from Agrobacterium tumefaciens, for Complementation of vir Genes

Jacques Hille, Ina Klasen, Rob Schilperoort

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Abstract

Several R prime plasmids have been obtained with high efficiency, by enclosing the R plasmid replicator, in an R::Ti cointegrate plasmid, between two copies of the transposon Tn1831, in the same orientation. These R primes carry different segments of an octopine Ti plasmid, and are compatible with Ti plasmids. They were used to study genetic complementation of Ti plasmid insertion mutants, outside the T-DNA region, which affected oncogenicity. Complementation was observed in both recombination-proficient and -deficient strains. The complementation in trans indicates that certain functions essential for tumor formation outside the T-DNA region are probably expressed in the bacterium. Therefore, the authors proposed to make a distinction between virulence (Vir) functions and oncogenic (Onc) functions of the octopine Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens. A large R prime was obtained, carrying the whole Ti plasmid, except a 7-Mdalton segment, containing the Ti plasmid replicator region. Strains harboring this plasmid induced normal tumors, showing that the replicator region of the octopine Ti plasmid is dispensible for tumor induction.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages12
JournalPlasmid
Volume7
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1982

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