Continuum Halos in Nearby Galaxies: An EVLA Survey (CHANG-ES). I. Introduction to the Survey

Judith Irwin, Rainer Beck, R. A. Benjamin, Ralf-Jürgen Dettmar, Jayanne English, George Heald, Richard N. Henriksen, Megan Johnson, Marita Krause, Jiang-Tao Li, Arpad Miskolczi, Silvia Carolina Mora, E. J. Murphy, Tom Oosterloo, Troy A. Porter, Richard J. Rand, D. J. Saikia, Philip Schmidt, A. W. Strong, Rene WalterbosQ. Daniel Wang, Theresa Wiegert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We introduce a new survey to map the radio continuum halos of a sample of 35 edge-on spiral galaxies at 1.5 GHz and 6 GHz in all polarization products. The survey is exploiting the new wide bandwidth capabilities of the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (i.e., the Expanded Very Large Array) in a variety of array configurations (B, C, and D) in order to compile the most comprehensive data set yet obtained for the study of radio halo properties. This is the first survey of radio halos to include all polarization products. In this first paper, we outline the scientific motivation of the survey, the specific science goals, and the expected improvements in noise levels and spatial coverage from the survey. Our goals include investigating the physical conditions and origin of halos, characterizing cosmic-ray transport and wind speed, measuring Faraday rotation and mapping the magnetic field, probing the in-disk and extraplanar far-infrared-radio continuum relation, and reconciling non-thermal radio emission with high-energy gamma-ray models. The sample size allows us to search for correlations between radio halos and other properties, including environment, star formation rate, and the presence of active galactic nuclei. In a companion paper (Paper II) we outline the data reduction steps and present the first results of the survey for the galaxy, NGC 4631.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43
JournalThe Astronomical Journal
Volume144
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2012

Keywords

  • cosmic rays
  • galaxies: individual: NGC 4631
  • galaxies: magnetic fields
  • ISM: bubbles
  • ISM: magnetic fields
  • radio continuum: galaxies

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