Cooperation Despite Great Power Competition: Consequences of Climate Change in the Arctic

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    Abstract

    In the Arctic, global climate change has already had a fundamental impact on people and the environment. The extraction of raw materials and shipping are becoming easier. The political consequences of these developments are the subject of heated debate. Some observers predict an escalation of inter-state conflicts. Others regard the Arctic as being an exceptional region in which shared interests and a spirit of cooperation prevent confrontation. To date, the eight states on the Arctic Council have consistently favoured cooperation. However, in 2019, the USA did a U-turn, declared the Arctic an arena for competition between the major powers and announced that it will increase its military involvement in the region. As a result, the potential for conflict has risen. Now more than ever, it is important that forms of regional cooperation are upheld. The change of course by the USA also demonstrates the high level of influence of global political developments on the Arctic, however.
    Translated title of the contributionCooperation Despite Great Power Competition: Consequences of Climate Change in the Arctic
    Original languageGerman
    Pages (from-to)99-115
    Number of pages17
    JournalOsteuropa
    Volume70
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

    • Arctic
    • Security
    • Arctic Council
    • governance

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