Cross-ethnic Friendships and Sense of Social-Emotional Safety in a Multiethnic Middle School: An Exploratory Study

Anke Munniksma*, Jaana Juvonen

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

    18 Citations (Scopus)
    180 Downloads (Pure)

    Abstract

    This exploratory study examined whether cross-ethnic friendships are related to students' sense of social-emotional safety in a multiethnic middle school. The analysis sample (n = 227) consisted of Latino (57%) and White (43%) sixth-and seventh-grade students. Although a strong preference for same-ethnic friendships was found for both ethnic groups, Latino students felt safer than their White schoolmates. Even though the two groups did not differ in the number of cross-ethnic friendships, a greater number of cross-ethnic friendships were associated with a stronger sense of safety only among Latino students both concurrently and over time. The implications of current findings are discussed in terms of improving sense of school safety for ethnic minority students.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)489-506
    Number of pages18
    JournalMerrill-Palmer quarterly-Journal of developmental psychology
    Volume58
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Oct-2012

    Keywords

    • INTERGROUP CONTACT THEORY
    • AFRICAN-AMERICAN
    • WHITE ADOLESCENTS
    • SELF-ESTEEM
    • ATTITUDES
    • IDENTITY
    • RACE
    • NOMINATIONS
    • SEGREGATION
    • ELEMENTARY

    Cite this