Cultural convergence in the Neolithic of the Nile Valley: a prehistoric perspective on Egypt's place in Africa

David Wengrow*, Michael W Dee, Sarah Foster, Alice Stevenson, Christopher Bronk Ramsey

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The African origins of Egyptian civilisation lie in an important cultural horizon, the 'primary pastoral community', which emerged in both the Egyptian and Sudanese parts of the Nile Valley in the fifth millennium BC. A re-examination of the chronology, assisted by new AMS determinations from Neolithic sites in Middle Egypt, has charted the detailed development of these new kinds of society. The resulting picture challenges recent studies that emphasise climate change and environmental stress as drivers of cultural adaptation in north-east Africa. It also emphasises the crucial role of funerary practices and body decoration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-111
Number of pages17
JournalAntiquity
Volume88
Issue number339
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Egypt
  • Sahara
  • pastoralism
  • primary pastoral community
  • Badarian
  • climate change
  • CATTLE CULTS
  • OCCUPATION
  • SAHARA

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