Dagboekmetingen als hulpmiddel in de psychiatrische zorg: beloften, valkuilen en mogelijkheden

Translated title of the contribution: Ecological momentary assessment as a clinical tool in psychiatry: promises, pitfalls, and possibilities

F.M. Bos*, L. van der Krieke, M. Wichers, R. Bruggeman, E. Snippe

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
74 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a promising method to gain insight into the daily lives of people with mental disorders. EMA can be used to monitor mood, symptoms, and experiences multiple times per day. Using advanced statistical methods, such as network analysis, as EMA feedback might result in novel insights that are relevant to psychiatric care. AIM: To investigate the promise, pitfalls, and possibilities of EMA and network analysis for psychiatric care. METHOD: Empirical network studies, reviews, and qualitative research were employed to investigate the state of research and the perspectives of patients and clinicians on EMA and network analysis. Furthermore, an empirical study will be discussed, in which twenty patients with bipolar disorders completed five EMA diaries per day for four months within treatment. RESULTS: Studies using network analysis demonstrated conflicting results. Qualitative research indicated that bipolar patients and clinicians are aware of the added benefit of EMA for psychiatric care, especially for improving insight and self-management. At the same time, EMA was seen as burdensome. Personalization and integration with existing treatment protocols emerged as necessary requirements for adequate implementation of EMA in psychiatric care. CONCLUSION: EMA can have added value for psychiatric care, provided it is adequately implemented. BACKGROUND: Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) is a promising method to gain insight into the daily lives of people with mental disorders. EMA can be used to monitor mood, symptoms, and experiences multiple times per day. Using advanced statistical methods, such as network analysis, as EMA feedback might result in novel insights that are relevant to psychiatric care. AIM: To investigate the promise, pitfalls, and possibilities of EMA and network analysis for psychiatric care. METHOD: Empirical network studies, reviews, and qualitative research were employed to investigate the state of research and the perspectives of patients and clinicians on EMA and network analysis. Furthermore, an empirical study will be discussed, in which twenty patients with bipolar disorders completed five EMA diaries per day for four months within treatment. RESULTS: Studies using network analysis demonstrated conflicting results. Qualitative research indicated that bipolar patients and clinicians are aware of the added benefit of EMA for psychiatric care, especially for improving insight and self-management. At the same time, EMA was seen as burdensome. Personalization and integration with existing treatment protocols emerged as necessary requirements for adequate implementation of EMA in psychiatric care. CONCLUSION: EMA can have added value for psychiatric care, provided it is adequately implemented.

Translated title of the contributionEcological momentary assessment as a clinical tool in psychiatry: promises, pitfalls, and possibilities
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)54-59
Number of pages6
JournalTijdschrift voor Psychiatrie
Volume65
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2023

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