Dark personality traits and impulsivity among adolescents: Differential links to problem behaviors and family relations

Judith Semon Dubas*, Laura Baams, Suzan M. Doornwaard, Marcel A. G. van Aken

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on how dark personality traits develop and relate to risky behaviors and family relations during adolescence is scarce. This study used a person-oriented approach to examine (a) whether distinct groups of adolescents could be identified based on their developmental profiles of callous-unemotional (CU), grandiose manipulative (GM), and dysfunctional impulsivity (DI) traits and (b) whether these groups differ in their problem behaviors and parent-adolescent relationship quality. Latent class growth analyses on 4-wave data of 1,131 Dutch adolescents revealed 3 personality profiles: (1) a dark impulsive group (13.9%), with high scores on all 3 traits (CU, GM, and DI) that were stable over time; (2) an impulsive group (26.1%), with high and increasing levels of impulsivity and relatively low scores on CU and GM; and (3) and a low risk group (60.0%), with relatively low levels on all 3 personality characteristics, with impulsivity decreasing over time. Compared with adolescents in the low risk group, adolescents in the dark impulsive and impulsive groups reported higher initial levels of substance use, sexual risk behaviors, permissive sexual attitudes, parent-adolescent conflict, and lower parent-adolescent satisfaction, as well as greater increases in sexual risk behavior over time. Compared with adolescents in the impulsive group, those in the dark impulsive group showed the highest levels of risk behaviors. Hence, dark personality traits coupled with impulsivity may be indicative of an earlier and more severe trajectory of problem behaviors that may differ from the trajectory of youth who are only impulsive.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-889
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Abnormal Psychology
Volume126
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Callous-unemotional
  • Grandiose manipulative
  • Impulsivity
  • Latent class growth analyses
  • CALLOUS-UNEMOTIONAL TRAITS
  • DUAL SYSTEMS-MODEL
  • PSYCHOPATHIC TRAITS
  • SUBSTANCE USE
  • SENSATION SEEKING
  • SELF-REPORT
  • INTERPERSONAL CALLOUSNESS
  • ANTISOCIAL-BEHAVIOR
  • DUTCH ADOLESCENTS
  • CONDUCT PROBLEMS
  • Project STARS

    Verbeek, M. (Creator), Reitz, E. (Contributor), Daphne, V. D. B. (Contributor), Baams, L. (Creator), Doornwaard, S. M. (Contributor), Dekovic, M. (Contributor) & Aken, M. A. G. V. (Contributor), DANS - Data Archiving and Networking Services, Sep-2018

    Dataset

Cite this