Data Sharing Reveals Complexity in the Westward Spread of Domestic Animals across Neolithic Turkey

Benjamin S. Arbuckle, Sarah Whitcher Kansa, Eric Kansa, David Orton, Canan Çakirlar, Lionel Gourichon, Levent Atici, Alfred Galik, Arkadiusz Marciniak, Jacqui Mulville, Hylke Buitenhuis, Denise Carruthers, Bea De Cupere, Arzu Demirergi, Sheelagh Frame, Daniel Helmer, Louise Martin, Joris Peters, Nadja Po ̈ llath, Kamilla PawłowskaNerissa Russell, Katheryn Twiss, Doris Wu ̈ rtenberger

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Abstract

This study presents the results of a major data integration project bringing together primary archaeozoological data for over 200,000 faunal specimens excavated from seventeen sites in Turkey spanning the Epipaleolithic through Chalcolithic periods, c. 18,000-4,000 cal BC, in order to document the initial westward spread of domestic livestock across Neolithic central and western Turkey. From these shared datasets we demonstrate that the westward expansion of Neolithic subsistence technologies combined multiple routes and pulses but did not involve a set ‘package’ comprising all four livestock species including sheep, goat, cattle and pig. Instead, Neolithic animal economies in the study regions are shown to be more diverse than deduced previously using quantitatively more limited datasets. Moreover, during the transition to agro-pastoral economies interactions between domestic stock and local wild fauna continued. Through publication of datasets with Open Context (opencontext.org), this project emphasizes the benefits of data sharing and web-based dissemination of large primary data sets for exploring major questions in archaeology
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0099845
Number of pages11
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13-Jun-2014

Keywords

  • PIG DOMESTICATION
  • ULUCAK HOYUK
  • ANCIENT DNA
  • NEAR-EAST
  • CAL. BC
  • CATTLE
  • EUROPE
  • ANATOLIA
  • MANAGEMENT
  • ORIGINS

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