DC power grids with constant-power loads—Part II: Nonnegative power demands, conditions for feasibility, and high-voltage solutions

Mark Jeeninga*, Claudio De Persis, Arjan Van der Schaft

*Corresponding author for this work

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In this two-part paper we develop a unifying framework for the analysis of the feasibility of the power flow equations for DC power grids with constant-power loads. Part II of this paper explores further implications of the results in Part I. We present a necessary and sufficient LMI condition for the feasibility of a vector of power demands (under small perturbation), which extends a necessary condition in the literature. The alternatives of these LMI conditions are also included. In addition we refine these LMI conditions to obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for the feasibility of nonnegative power demands, which allows for an alternative approach to determine power flow feasibility. Moreover, we prove two novel sufficient conditions, which generalize known sufficient conditions for power flow feasibility in the literature. Finally, we prove that the unique long-term voltage semi-stable operating point associated to a feasible vector of power demands is a strict high-voltage solution. A parametrization of such operating points, which is dual to the parametrization in Part I, is obtained, as well as a parametrization of the boundary of the set of feasible power demands.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18-30
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automatic Control
Issue number1
Early online date23-May-2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2023


  • constantpower loads
  • DC power grids
  • Linear matrix inequalities
  • Perturbation methods
  • Power demand
  • Power flow analysis
  • Power grids
  • Stability criteria
  • TV
  • Voltage
  • voltage stability

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