Dead or Murdered? Predicting Responsibility Perception in Femicide News Reports

Gosse Minnema, Sara Gemelli, Chiara Zanchi, Tommaso Caselli, Malvina Nissim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Different linguistic expressions can conceptualize the same event from different viewpoints by emphasizing certain participants over others. Here, we investigate a case where this has social consequences: how do linguistic expressions of gender-based violence (GBV) influence who we perceive as responsible? We build on previous psycholinguistic research in this area and conduct a large-scale perception survey of GBV descriptions automatically extracted from a corpus of Italian newspapers. We then train regression models that predict the salience of GBV participants with respect to different dimensions of perceived responsibility. Our best model (fine-tuned BERT) shows solid overall performance, with large differences between dimensions and participants: salient _focus_ is more predictable than salient _blame_, and perpetrators' salience is more predictable than victims' salience. Experiments with ridge regression models using different representations show that features based on linguistic theory similarly to word-based features. Overall, we show that different linguistic choices do trigger different perceptions of responsibility, and that such perceptions can be modelled automatically. This work can be a core instrument to raise awareness of the consequences of different perspectivizations in the general public and in news producers alike.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2nd Conference of the Asia-Pacific Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics and the 10th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing
PublisherAssociation for Computational Linguistics (ACL)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20-Nov-2022
  • Best Paper Award

    Minnema, Gosse (Recipient), Caselli, Tommaso (Recipient), Nissim, Malvina (Recipient), Gemelli, Sara (Recipient) & Zanchi, Chiara (Recipient), 2022

    Prize: National/international honourAcademic

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