Defect structure of the solid solutions Ba1-xGdxF2+x

H. W. Den Hartog*, P. Dorenbos, W. J. Postma

*Corresponding author for this work

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    In this paper we present the results of a series of combined experiments on solid solutions Ba1-xGdxF2+x employing the following techniques: (a) ionic thermocurrents (ITC's) (b) dielectric capacitance and loss measurements at 1000 Hz; and (c) EPR. In line with earlier results on solid solutions Sr1-xGdxF2+x we find a discrepancy between the numbers of dipoles as observed with the dielectric relaxation techniques [(a) and (b)] and the spectroscopic EPR method, respectively. It appears that this discrepancy is caused by the fact that in dielectric experiments the dipoles are detected through their dynamical properties, whereas the EPR results provide a static picture. With ITC we only observe those dipoles which are isolated from the remaining defect system. The most important feature of our EPR data is that trigonal Gd3+ ions are by far the dominant defects present in Ba1-xGdxF2+x even for 0<x<0.05. This has important consequences for the conductivity processes in heavily doped materials. The defect properties of the system Ba1-xGdxF2+x deviate from those observed for cubic solid solutions consisting of CaF2 and rare-earth fluorides, which show extensive preferential clustering
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)7496-7505
    Number of pages10
    JournalPhysical Review. B: Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
    Issue number11
    Publication statusPublished - 1-Dec-1986

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