Dependence of non-equilibrium Casimir forces on material optical properties toward chaotic motion during device actuation

F. Tajik, Z. Babamahdi, M. Sedighi, A. A. Masoudi, G. Palasantzas

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Abstract

The sensitivity of nonequilibrium Casimir forces on material optical properties can have strong impact on the actuation of devices. For this purpose, we considered nonequilibrium Casimir interactions between good and poor conductors, for example, gold (Au) and highly doped silicon carbide (SiC), respectively. Indeed, for autonomous conservative systems, the bifurcation and phase portrait analysis have shown that the nonequilibrium Casimir forces can have significant impact on the stable and unstable operating regimes depending on the material optical properties. At a few micrometer separations, for systems with high conductivity materials, an increasing temperature difference between the actuating components can enhance the stable operation range due to the reduction of the Casimir force, while for the poor conductive materials, the opposite takes place. For periodically driven dissipative systems, the Melnikov function and Poincare portrait analysis have shown that for poor conductive systems, the nonequilibrium Casimir forces lead to an increased possibility for chaotic behavior and stiction with an increasing temperature difference between the actuating components. However, for good conducting systems, the thermal contribution to Casimir forces reduces the possibility for chaotic behavior with increasing temperature, as comparison with systems without thermal fluctuations shows. Nevertheless, the positive benefit of good conductors toward increased actuation stability and reduced the chaotic behavior under nonequilibrium conditions can be easily compromised by any voltage application. Therefore, thermal, nonequilibrium Casimir forces can influence the actuation of devices toward unstable and chaotic behavior in strong correlation with their optical properties, and associated conduction state, as well as applied electrostatic potentials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number093126
Number of pages11
JournalChaos
Volume29
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2019

Keywords

  • PHYSICS
  • CONSTRAINTS

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