Depressive symptoms in cancer patients compared with people from the general population: The role of sociodemographic and medical factors

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Abstract

This study examined depressive symptoms in 475 patients with cancer and in a reference group of 255 individuals without cancer from the general Population and the associations of those symptoms with sociodemographic and medical factors. Depressive symptoms were measured at 3 months (Time 1) and 15 months (Time 2) after diagnosis. Patients reported more depressive symptoms than the reference group did at Times 1 and 2. Younger age, especially, was related to the onset of depressive symptoms after a cancer diagnosis. Better-educated patients and those with a lower stage of disease reported a greater decrease in depressive symptoms over time. The authors conclude that certain sociodemographic factors may primarily reflect general dysfunction or vulnerability rather than risk factors for developing depressive symptoms after a diagnosis of cancer. (C) 2003 by The Haworth Press, Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of psychosocial oncology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • cancer
  • depression
  • medical factors
  • sociodemographic factors
  • AGE-RELATED DIFFERENCES
  • BREAST-CANCER
  • PSYCHIATRIC MORBIDITY
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT
  • EMOTIONAL DISTRESS
  • SUPPORT PROCESSES
  • MAJOR DEPRESSION
  • SOCIAL SUPPORT
  • MARITAL-STATUS
  • 1ST YEAR

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