Design of a pH-Responsive Conductive Nanocomposite Based on MWCNTs Stabilized in Water by Amphiphilic Block Copolymers

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Abstract

Homogeneous water dispersions of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared by ultrasonication in the presence of an amphiphilic polystyrene-block-poly(acrylic acid) (PS-b-PAA) copolymer. The ability of PS-b-PAA to disperse and stabilize MWCTNs was investigated by UV-vis, SEM and zeta potential. The results show that the addition of a styrene block to PAA enhances the dispersion efficiency of the graphitic filler compared to pure PAA, possibly due to the nanotube affinity with the polystyrene moiety. Notably, the dispersions show an evident pH-responsive behavior, being MWCNTs reaggregation promoted in basic environment. It is worth noting that the responsive character is maintained in solid composites obtained by drop casting, thus indicating potential applications in sensing.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1410
Number of pages16
JournalNanomaterials (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2019

Keywords

  • MULTIWALLED CARBON NANOTUBES
  • POLY(ACRYLIC ACID)
  • DISPERSION
  • FUNCTIONALIZATION
  • POLYMERIZATION
  • SURFACTANTS
  • STRENGTH
  • BEHAVIOR
  • SIZE

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