Detectability of auditory evoked response components in preterm infants

Jaco W. Pasman*, Jan J. Rotteveel, Ruurd de Graaf, Ben Maassen, Servaas L.H. Notermans

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In determining the detectability of brainstem, middle latency and cortical auditory evoked responses in preterm newborns, one has to deal with the ongoing maturation of the auditory system. In the preterm period the detectability of evoked responses is closely related to the appearance of the individual evoked response components. The detectability of the individual evoked response components in preterm infants is important, because low detectability rates make the absence of a particular evoked response component irrelevant with respect to the clinical-neurophysiological correlation. In a longitudinal study we determined the detectability and cumulative detectability, i.e. the presence of individual evoked response components in one or more recordings of evoked response components in 37 low risk preterm infants between 30 and 41 weeks conceptional age (CA). On the basis of their detectability it is concluded that evoked response components, determined between 30 and 34 weeks CA, are generally of limited use for clinical application, except for auditory brainstem response (ABR) components I, IIn, V and Vc and middle latency response (MLR) component Na. Our study made clear that improvement can be achieved by performing more than one examination within a period of approximately 4 weeks between the recording sessions. The cumulative detectability rates after two recordings showed improvement for all components involved in this study. The cumulative detectability rates of ABR components I, II, IIN, III, V, IIc, IIINc, Vc, MLR components Na and P0, and auditory cortical response (ACR) components PbP1 and N2p are sufficient to use as measures in the neurophysiological judgement of functional integrity of the central auditory pathway in preterm infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-141
Number of pages13
JournalEarly Human Development
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jan-1991
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ABR
  • ACR
  • auditory evoked responses
  • detectability
  • maturation
  • MLR
  • preterm infants

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