Detecting the Birth of Supermassive Black Holes Formed from Heavy Seeds

Fabio Pacucci, Vivienne Baldassare, Nico Cappelluti, Xiaohui Fan, Andrea Ferrara, Zoltan Haiman, Priyamvada Natarajan, Feryal Ozel, Raffaella Schneider, Grant R. Tremblay, Megan C. Urry, Rosa Valiante, Alexey Vikhlinin, Marta Volonteri

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We investigate the capabilities required to study supermassive black holes formed by heavy seeds in the early Universe. We show that detecting heavy seeds at z>10 in the next decade will be feasible with upcoming and/or proposed facilities. Their detection will be fundamental to understand the early history of the Universe and its evolution.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberid. 117 (2019)
JournalBulletin of the American Astronomical Society
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2019


  • Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies
  • Astrophysics - Cosmology and Nongalactic Astrophysics
  • Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena

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