Determinants of dietary behaviour in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury or lower limb amputation: Perspectives of rehabilitation professionals and wheelchair users

WHEELS-Study Grp, Jasmijn F. M. Holla, Lizanne E. van den Akker, Tessa Dadema, Sonja de Groot, Michael Tieland, Peter J. M. Weijs, Marije Deutekom*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)
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Abstract

Objective

This study aims to identify determinants of dietary behaviour in wheelchair users with spinal cord injury or lower limb amputation, from the perspectives of both wheelchair users and rehabilitation professionals. The findings should contribute to the field of health promotion programs for wheelchair users.

Methods

Five focus groups were held with wheelchair users (n = 25), and two with rehabilitation professionals (n = 11). A thematic approach was used for data analysis in which the determinants were categorized using an integrated International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and Attitude, Social influence and self-Efficacy model.

Results

Reported personal factors influencing dietary behaviour in wheelchair users were knowledge, boredom, fatigue, stage of life, habits, appetite, self-control, multiple lifestyle problems, intrinsic motivation, goal setting, monitoring, risk perception, positive experiences, suffering, action planning, health condition, function impairments, attitude and self-efficacy. Reported environmental factors influencing dietary behaviour in wheelchair users were unadjusted kitchens, monitoring difficulties, eating out, costs, unfavourable food supply, nutrition education/counselling, access to simple healthy recipes, eating together, cooking for others, and awareness and support of family and friends.

Conclusions

Important modifiable determinants of dietary behaviour in wheelchair users that might be influenced in lifestyle interventions are knowledge, fatigue, habits, self-control, intrinsic motivation, risk perception, attitude and self-efficacy. It is recommended to involve relatives, since they appear to significantly influence dietary behaviour.

Original languageEnglish
Article number0228465
Number of pages19
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume15
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31-Jan-2020

Keywords

  • BODY-MASS INDEX
  • LONG-TERM MORTALITY
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • HEALTH-PROMOTION
  • AFTER-DISCHARGE
  • BARRIERS
  • PEOPLE
  • OBESITY
  • ADULTS
  • DISABILITY

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