Determinants of Variation in Population-Employment Interaction Findings: A Quasi-Experimental Meta-Analysis

Gerke J. Hoogstra, Jouke van Dijk*, Raymond J. G. M. Florax

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article reports about a metaregression analysis of empirical results generated using data for the northern Netherlands (1988-2002) in order to investigate the ambiguity in results in the population-employment interaction literature. Specifically, the analysis deals with the issue whether "jobs follow people" or "people follow jobs." The article starts with introducing the basics of quasi-experimental meta-analysis and with identifying some advantages of using quasi-experimental meta-analysis as compared with the standard meta-analysis approach. Two subsequent sections document the selection of the population-employment interaction model and salient characteristics of the data set as well as the setup of the primary analyses. A total of 4,050 quasi-experimental empirical results for the jobs-people direction of causality are generated using different specifications and estimators for a spatial econometric interaction model. The subsequent metaregression analysis reveals that the empirical results are largely shaped by the spatial, temporal, and employment characteristics of the data sampling. The results also appear much more sensitive to different measurements of the model's key variables when compared with alternative specifications of the spatial weights matrix. The main determinant driving empirical results about jobs-people causality are differences in model specification and estimation, as revealed by an inherent bias in parameter estimates and misguided inferences for some of the commonly used specifications. Finally, suggestions for future research are identified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)14-37
Number of pages24
JournalGeographical Analysis
Volume43
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4-Jan-2011

Keywords

  • REGIONAL ADJUSTMENT MODELS
  • ROCKY-MOUNTAIN WEST
  • SIMULTANEOUS SYSTEMS
  • METROPOLITAN-AREAS
  • GROWTH
  • SPECIFICATION
  • ISSUES
  • FRANCE
  • URBAN

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