Determination of factors required to increase uptake of influenza vaccination among hospital-based healthcare workers

C.E. Hopman, J. Riphagen-Dalhuisen, I Looijmans-van den Akker, G. Frijstein, A.D. Van der Geest-Blankert, M.B. Danhof-Pont, H.J. De Jager, A.A. Bos, E. Smeets, M.J. De Vries, P.M. Gallee, A.F. Lenderink, E. Hak*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

A questionnaire study was performed in all eight University Medical Centers in The Netherlands to determine the predictors of influenza vaccination compliance in hospital-based healthcare workers (HCWs). Demographical, behavioural and organisational determinants were assessed based on behavioural and implementation models. Multivariable regression analysis was applied to assess the independent predictors for influenza vaccine uptake. Age > 40 years, the presence of a chronic illness, awareness of personal risk and awareness of risk of infecting patients, trust in the effectiveness of the vaccine to reduce the risk of infecting patients, the HCWs' duty to do no harm and their duty to ensure continuity of care, finding vaccination useful despite the constant flow of visitors and having knowledge of the Health Council's advice, social influence and convenient time for vaccination were all independently associated with vaccine uptake. The accuracy of the prediction model was very high (area under the receiver operating curve: 0.95). Intervention programmes to increase influenza vaccine uptake among HCWs should target the relevant determinants identified in this study. (C) 2010 the Healthcare Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-331
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Hospital Infection
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr-2011

Keywords

  • Compliance
  • Determinants
  • Healthcare workers
  • Influenza vaccination
  • RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • LONG-TERM-CARE
  • IMMUNIZATION
  • ACCEPTANCE
  • ATTITUDES
  • MORTALITY
  • BELIEFS
  • NURSES
  • RATES

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